Relative Clauses 1

Relative Clauses” are also known as “adjective clauses” because they give more descriptions/ information about a noun.

relative 1

“This is my friend” is a basic sentence, without much information.

relative 2

“This is my friend who I met at the concert.” This gives us more information about the friend.

relative 3

“This is my friend that gave me his old bike.” This is another example that gives us more information about the friend.


When we talk about people we can introduce our relative clause with “who” or “that” (relative pronoun). With people it is more common to use “who

relative 4

“This is my favorite pen

relative 6

“This is my favorite pen which my dad gave to me.

relative 5

“This is my favorite pen that I use everyday.”

When we are giving more information about objects we can use “which” or “that”.

All of these relative clauses could be expanded into two sentences

“This is my favorite pen that I use everyday.”

Has the same meaning as: “This is my favorite pen. I use it everyday.”